Val d'Elsa in Toscana
Ente Cambiano

History

Gambassi Terme

Gambassi Terme is an italian little town near Florence in Tuscany. It is part of the valley of Elsa river and it is located about 35 kilometres (22 miles), southwest of Florence. Today Gambassi Terme is known for the "Terme" near Pillo and it is also famous as the birthplace of sculptor Giovanni Francesco Gonnelli (named the blind of Gambassi). Main sights: Municipal park, (it was the garden of the Villa Sinnai); the church of Cristo Re, which contains two paintings: “Madonna with Child and Saints Giovanni, Francesco, Matteo and Jacopo“ by Pier Francesco Fiorentino and “Madonna with saints Giovanni Battista and Girolamo” by Biagio di Antonio.
Source: Wikipedia

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Historical artistic sites

Santa Maria a Chianni

Santa Maria a Chianni Show position

LOCATION: in an isolated position very close to the road that lead to Gambassi Terme and Castelfiorentino.
HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Chianni was well known in 988 and the church was mentioned in 990 by the Archbishop Sigeric of Canterbury. In 1181 the church was enlarged, and restored in 1520 and again in 1842.
DESCRIPTION: worthy of note is the imposing stone, enriched by blind arches in Lucchese style. Internally there are three naves with five apses and columns with beautiful capitols.

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Sant'Andrea a Gavignalla

Sant'Andrea a Gavignalla Show position

LOCATION: on the right of the road that goes from Gambassi Terme to Certaldo. The place name “Gavignalla” is based on the name of a person known as “Gavinius”, probably the original owner of the property.
HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE: the church dates back to the 13th century. Over the years has kept its original style and the beautiful apse has remained intact.
DESCRIPTION: the external walls of the building are partially plastered, with the exception of the apse which os made of stone and with a window divided in two parts.

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Badia a Cerreto

Badia a Cerreto Show position

LOCATION: in an isolated position on the top of a hill at a short distance from the road which leads to Certaldo.
HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE: the construction of this abbey-hermitage by the Camaldolese monks, was completed around 1072 and the church was dedicated to San Pietro.
Abandoned by the Camaldolese in the 15th century, the abbey fell into disuse and was suppressed in 1652 by a Papal deed. Only the church continued to be used for the following three centuries, but later the entire complex was irreversibly changed.
DESCRIPTION: buildings, currently used as dwellings, made of stone and brickwork. The church of San Pietro and the cloister have several columns in brickwork.

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San Giovanni Battista a Varna

San Giovanni Battista a Varna Show position

LOCATION: in a dominant position near one of the two roads that go from Gambassi Terme to Castelfiorentino. The place name “Varna” is probably a deformation of “Varva” from the original Longobard-Germanic which means "deposit" or a "closed place".
HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE: the church dates back to the 12th century and was restored in the 18th century (including the original bell gable). However, the left wall, for those looking at the facade, has remained untouched. The wall is made of stone and had three doors inside it.
DESCRIPTION: building with a rectangular plan made of stone and bricks.

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San Frediano a Montignoso

San Frediano a Montignoso Show position

LOCATION: in an isolated position on the right of the road that goes from Montaione to San Gimignano passing through Il Castagno d'Elsa and Camporbiano.
The place name “Montignoso” is a combination of two words, “Mons” and “Tinjosus”. The first one in common in Latin means vegetation / leaves / undergrowth.
HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE: the church dates back to the 12th century and formed part of the castle of Montignoso. Although refaced and restored the original building has kept its original style.
DESCRIPTION: building made of stone, connected with the remains of the ancient surrounding walls of the castle of Montignoso with an adjacent convent.

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Santa Cristina

Santa CristinaShow position

LOCATION: on top of a hill with cypress trees, near the road that goes from Il Castagno d'Elsa to Gambassi Terme.
HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE: the church is recent. It is said that in the same place stood another church dedicated to Santa Cristina.
DESCRIPTION: elegant brick building with a rectangular shape, a portal in sandstone, like the blind arch above it.

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Gambassi Terme

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